The Top 5 Most Common Sports Injuries

We are all urged to get plenty of exercise. Many, young and old, get plenty, and that’s a good thing. Individual and team sports are great ways to stay in shape and are a lot of fun. Unfortunately, participation in sports means an increased risk for injuries. Here are the top 5 common sports related injuries.

Sprains and Strains

A sprain is an injury to one or more ligament. This type of injury will more commonly occur in the ankle, knee and wrist. A strain, however, is an injury to a muscle or a tendon which most commonly occurs in the lower back or hamstring. Strains typically result from overuse of the muscle. Strains and sprains are common in contact sports like football and wrestling, but also occur in endurance sports like cross country running.

These types of injuries typically aren’t serious, but you should seek medical help if you are unable to put weight on the affected area or if it is painful to the touch.

Knee Injuries

Knee injuries are common in any sport that requires a lot of leg work like swimming, basketball or football. The knee is very complex and very susceptible to many different type of injuries. Symptoms of a more serious type of injury are pain, joint stiffness, decreased range of motion and swelling. Treatments for knee injures can require surgery, but not always. Many times knee injuries can be treated nonsurgically through rest and physical therapy.


Dislocations are related to the joints and are very painful, often immobilizing the joint. Common areas for dislocations include the shoulders, elbows, knees, hips, fingers and ankle. Heavy contact sports such as football will see large amounts of this type of injury. Dislocations will require medical attention to put the joint back into place.


Fractures can result from trauma, such as a sharp blow to the bone or can result from constant stress, pressure or repeated used. Medical care is needed to reset the bone and a considerable amount of time of resting is required for healing.

Shin Splints

Shin splints can occur from above the ankle to just below the knee. They typically occur when an athlete changes either the routine of his or her workout, or the intensity. Shin splints are not serious, but can hinder an athlete’s progress. They can be relieved by ice, rest and pain relievers.

Many of these injuries give small warnings in the form of aches and pains that, although mild, could hold an athlete back. If you have questions or concerns, call our office for a free consultation.

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Jason Miller